What is dyslexia?

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What is dyslexia?

The Mayo clinic defines dyslexia as... 


“a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding).  Also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language.”


The International Dyslexia Association (IDA) defines dyslexia as...


“... a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”

                    

There are several types of dyslexia including:

  1. Areas-directions (dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, hyperlexia, alexia)
  2. Sensory-motor immaturity (motor dyslexia, auditory dyslexia, visual dyslexia, motor-auditory, motor-visual, auditory-visual, motor-auditory-visual)
  3. Reading difficulty (phonological dyslexia, surface dyslexia, rapid naming deficit, double deficit, visual dyslexia, directional dyslexia)


Dyslexia requires a complex evaluation, often by a team of professionals, to determine each child’s unique needs and best treatment strategy. 

 

At the Pediatric Place we offer a comprehensive evaluation by a speech-language pathologist, an occupational therapist and licensed professional counselor (LPC) to provide a whole child approach to address ALL areas of need when dyslexia is a concern.  


Our speech-language pathologists are uniquely qualified in addressing the foundations of dyslexia.  They have completed extensive post-graduate coursework and clinical study allowing the systematic assessment of your child’s phonological system (rule based system of sound organization), verbal language (spoken and comprehension), and written language (spelling and reading comprehension). 


Following assessment, our SLPs will be able to identify your child’s patterns of strengths and weaknesses to formulate a comprehensive plan of care to address the following: 

  • understanding of how phonemes (individual sounds) interact with each other,   
  • vocabulary, 
  • sentence construction/grammar,
  • decoding (fluent reading),
  • encoding (spelling), 
  • and narrative construction 


Our speech-language pathologists are trained in the Orton-Gillingham approach and address the language processing components of dyslexia.  Our occupational therapists are trained in Masgutova Neurosensorymotor Reflex Integration Technique (MNRI) to address reflex integration associated with dyslexia as well as visual perceptual deficits.


If you have concerns that your child may be affected by some type of dyslexia please speak with your child’s doctor and then call to schedule an appointment.


References:

1.  https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dyslexia

2.  2018 Svetlana Masgutova & Svetlana Masgutova Educational institute for neuro-sensory-motor and reflex integration, LLC

3.  https://dyslexiaida.org/definition-of-dyslexia/

4.   https://www.ortonacademy.org/resources/what-is-the-orton-gillingham-approach/ 

5.   https://masgutovamethod.com/the-method/how-mnri-method-works